A chain of soda lakes runs like an uneven necklace down the floor of the Great Rift Valley.
Where the mighty Nile River rises there are active, dormant and long-dead volcanoes. It is a region not only of great topographical diversity but also of numerous vegetation types. The vegetation map has been greatly simplified but does indicate seven of the most important vegetation types that you will encounter during your East African travels. Outside the conservation areas much of the landscape has been greatly modified by the actions of growing human populations.
Large tracts of natural bushland have been cleared for agriculture, both subsistence and commercial, and trees have been turned into charcoal.
Human settlements have increased and existing ones have expanded. Poaching has resulted in decreasing mammal diversity and populations.
Habitat: Most well-watered habitats, rivers, marshes, swamps, lake fringes and coastline. Watch this item. Subscribe to: Posts Atom. However, on a positive note, the FBF has expanded and now boasts 38 field bands countrywide with 4, members from schools in townships. Vincent Carruthers is a company director, author and environmental consultant. Visual language used by the Deaf is a meaningful spatial language, which conforms to all the syntactical, grammatical and morphological features of any spoken, verbal language.
Nevertheless, those interested in wildlife, and specifically in mammals, have much to look forward to in the region. We have included most of the larger and more conspicuous mammal species.
In addition, a few of the more unusual species such as the pangolin, aardvark and porcupine have been included, as well as representatives from the different families and genera of bats, shrews, elephant shrews sengis and smaller rodents. Identification pointers: A large, stoutly built mongoose with a uniformly dark brown and rather shaggy coat. Some individuals may be almost black, or reddish-brown, but from a distance all look blackish and, at close quarters, grizzled.
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Hair on the muzzle and feet is short, but long and erectile on the tail. Similar: Could only be confused with Alexander's cusimanse Crossarchus alexandri , but overlap may occur only in far-western Uganda; sometimes mistaken for otter, but latter is larger, sleeker and variably marked on throat. Habitat: Most well-watered habitats, rivers, marshes, swamps, lake fringes and coastline. Will penetrate arid areas along watercourses as long as permanent pools present. Sometimes found several kilometres from water. Similar: Provides names of similar species, or those in the region with which the species is confused, and highlights distinguishing characters.
Habitat: Describes the terrain in which the animal lives; an important aid in identifying a mammal, especially in conjunction with the map. Behaviour, Food and Reproduction: These are added for interest, but also aid identification.
If a species is known to be solitary and you think you have seen it in a herd, read through the text describing behaviour in order to establish an alternative identity. Longevity: Information on how long the species is known to live. Calls: The most frequently heard calls are given.
Occurrence: The major parks and reserves in which a species occurs, its conservation status and numbers, if known. Measurements: Those of male and female are given separately where they differ significantly. Measurements and weights give either known range, or averages, but there may be considerable variations. Also includes silhouette drawings of the species, with that of a human figure, arm or hand for comparison of scale. For so-called 'trophy' species, we have given the Rowland Ward records for southern Africa, but for some we have given those for East Africa and Africa as a whole, where more comprehensive records are available.
Larger specimens may be known from beyond the region and these records change on a fairly regular basis.
Tracks: Drawings of typical tracks where available add interest and serve as tools for species identification, as do the dung images in the back of the book. Light grey areas on the tracks show only on soft ground. Maps: Illustrate range across which the species occurs red , and the historical distribution pale tint ; marine mammal concentrations are shown in dark blue. Authoritative and colourfully illustrated, Mammals of Southern Africa Pocket Guide offers concise information.
My first book of Southern African Animal Tracks introduces 55 different types of animals and their footprints. There's a problem loading this menu right now.
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